When was radiation first used for cancer?

On January 29, 1896, just three days after the announcement of the discovery of X-rays, a single treatment was performed for approximately one hour in patients with breast cancer. Memorial Sloan Kettering was one of the first medical institutions to recognize the potential of radiation for the treatment of cancer.

When was radiation first used for cancer?

On January 29, 1896, just three days after the announcement of the discovery of X-rays, a single treatment was performed for approximately one hour in patients with breast cancer. Memorial Sloan Kettering was one of the first medical institutions to recognize the potential of radiation for the treatment of cancer. Since then, MSK has continued to pioneer new developments in the field, to this day. When placed on or near a tumor, the radius causes the mass to shrink, sometimes completely.

The use of radio in the treatment of cancer was limited only by its extreme rarity. One ton of pitchblenda contains only a few micrograms of the element. MSK radiation oncologists and medical physicists are pioneering real-time computer-assisted visualization and dose calculations to improve brachytherapy for prostate cancer. Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) is a form of treatment that delivers radiation at the time of surgery.

MSK radiation oncologist Joachim Yahalom publishes results showing the benefits of combined chemotherapy and radiation in treatment-resistant Hodgkin lymphoma. The use of ionizing radiation for the treatment of cancer dates back to the late 19th century, notably shortly after Roentgen described x-rays in 1895 and the use of brachytherapy after Marie and Pierre Curie discovered radium in 1898.MSK radiation oncologist Josh Yamada publishes high-dose intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) results for spinal metastases. Within months, systems were designed to use x-rays for diagnosis and, within 3 years, radiation was used to treat cancer. Quimby would develop standard dosage tables for radiation treatment and also developed the radiation film plate as a safety guard against accidental exposure.

The use of radiation in the treatment of cancer is relatively recent with the discovery of X-rays in 1895 by Wilhelm Röntgen. Moss of Ellis Fishel State Cancer Hospital, Missouri, as medical director of radiation oncology in the 1950s. He based his analysis on the level of radiation dermatitis seen in patients undergoing XRT for skin cancer. Conformal radiation therapy (CRT) uses CT images and special computers to accurately map the location of a cancer in 3 dimensions.

There is now an enormous body of knowledge about the biology of cancer and how radiation affects human tissues at the cellular level. Advances in radiation physics and computer technology during the last quarter of the 20th century allowed radiation to be targeted with greater precision. Donations come with the stipulation that the hospital focus solely on cancer and that radiation be used in its treatment. Ulrich Henschke, MSK's radioactive oncologist, develops a system for delivering internal radiation by sending a radioactive pellet through a catheter that could be removed after use, called an afterload.